Indian tribal groups
Navajo 296, 100
The Bureau of Indian
55 million acres
held in trust for
Source: American Community Survey
Source: Bureau of Indian Affairs
Tribes with more than 50,000 members
•Cherokee •Navajo •Choctaw •Blackfeet •Chippewa
•Muscogee (Creek) •Apache •Lumbee
Source: Cultural Marketing Communications
for those approved
Source: PBS’s Online NewsHour
The number o f American
I ndian–ownedfir fir ms
6 increased by 67% from
1997 to 2002, compared
7%with 10% for all U .S.
Source: Selig Center for Economic Growth
BLACK HAWK: Illinois Sauk SQUANTO: Helped settlers
Indian warrior who fought to of Plymouth Colony survive by
have American Indians retain teaching them fishing and the
lands and traditions. planting of corn.
SACAGAWEA: Mem- PONTIAC: Ottawa war leader
ber of the Shoshone who organized tribes in the
tribe and only woman Great Lakes area to fight the
known to be a part of the British, in what is known as Pon-
L ewis and Clark expedition. tiac’s War (1763-1764).
FAMOUS AMERICAN INDIANS
SEQUOYAH: American Indian WILMA
scholar who created an alphabet MANKILLER:
for the Cherokee tribe, which First woman
helped thousands of Cherokee to principal chief
become literate. of the Cherokee
SITTING BULL: Nation.
Chief of the Lakota JIM THORPE:
nation, best known Famous American Indian
for fighting against athlete who played football and
General George A. baseball.
Custer in the battle at Little Big
TECUMSEH: Shawnee chief
Horn in 1876, also known as
of what is now the Ohio region
Custer’s Last Stand.
who worked to unite Indian
OSCEOLA: American Indian tribes to oppose white expan-
leader during the Second Semi- sion into the West in the early
nole War of 1835 in Florida. 1800s.
CHIEF JOSEPH: Leader of BENJAMIN NIGHT-
the Nez Perce tribe whose lands HORSE CAMPBELL:
were in what is now Oregon and Former U.S. senator from
For more Facts & Figures, go to: